Neurology is a medical field that deals with diseases related to the brain and nervous system. Neurology uses different types of tests, such as a comprehensive neurological examination, imaging tests, nerve conduction tests, and other tests to identify the source of the problem, identify its location, and treat it by neuro MRI in New Jersey.

In addition, many neurologists are engaged in research about the brain and nervous system to achieve progress in knowledge on the subject and find new ways to treat various diseases.

Since the brain is an extremely important organ, and dysfunction of the nervous system significantly impairs bodily function, in many cases, neurological diseases cause long-term damage, which requires prolonged rehabilitation, which is also carried out by neurologists engaged in rehabilitation.

Common neurological diseases

Neurological diseases appear after some cause has caused damage to some part of the nervous system. Neurological diseases are divided into several groups:

  • Stroke: a condition in which ischemia of the brain appears, meaning that the brain suffers from a lack of blood and oxygen supply. Stroke most often appears in old age, in people with cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity, and a history of previous events.
  • Epilepsy is a group of diseases caused by increased electrical activity in the brain, manifested by seizures. Epilepsy is a relatively common condition, and many epilepsy patients are treated with various medications to control and prevent seizures. Epilepsy can also appear as an emergency, and if the seizure does not stop spontaneously (a condition called “epileptic status”), it should be treated with medication.
  • Degenerative diseases Like other organs in the body, the brain can also undergo processes of aging and degeneration, and in these situations, diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s will appear.

Alzheimer’s is a disease that causes gradual cognitive decline, manifested by memory loss, disturbance of spatial orientation, and other symptoms.

Parkinson’s is a disease that causes a disturbance in motor activity and manifests itself in tremors, stiffness, disturbance in the performance of movements, and posture disorders. What all degenerative diseases have in common is a gradual and continuous process, which is very difficult to treat, and today the existing medical treatments mainly allow to slow down the deterioration and not prevent it or bring about an improvement in the condition.